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Sunday, 31 December 2017

Happy New Year

Happy New Year to all my readers. This is my history of New Year www.localhistories.org/newyear.html

Thursday, 28 December 2017

Smallpox

On 28 December 1694 Queen Mary of England and Scotland died of smallpox. It was a terrible disease. It left many people dead and others blind or pockmarked. Hooray for Edward Jenner who introduced vaccination in 1796. www.localhistories.org/jenner.html 

Sunday, 24 December 2017

King John

King John was born on 24 December 1166. I am not sure whether to say happy birthday! But at least he did found one of our great cities, Liverpool. www.localhistories.org/kingjohn.html

Saturday, 23 December 2017

Thursday, 21 December 2017

Crossword Puzzle

Happy birthday crossword. The first crossword puzzle was published on 21 December 1913 in the New York World. It was written by an Englishman called Arthur Wynne. Well done Arthur. www.localhistories.org/games.html 

Saturday, 9 December 2017

John Milton

John Milton was born on 9 December 1608. He was a great writer but also a defender of freedom of speech. www.localhistories.org/johnmilton.html 

Wednesday, 6 December 2017

Halifax Disaster

On 6 December 1917 disaster struck Halifax, Nova Scotia. A Norwegian ship collided with a French munitions ship called the Mont Blanc. The Mont Blanc caught fire then exploded killing more than 1,800 people and wrecking many buildings. www.localhistories.org/halifax.html

Tuesday, 28 November 2017

Sunday, 12 November 2017

King Canute

The great king Canute died on 12 November 1035. Not only was he king of England he was also king of Denmark and Norway. www.localhistories.org/canute.html

Tuesday, 7 November 2017

Marie Curie

Famous Polish scientist Marie Curie was born on 7 November 1867 (She was born Marya Sklodowska in Warsaw, Poland) www.localhistories.org/curie.html 

Monday, 6 November 2017

Monday, 30 October 2017

Women's Education

On 30 October 1838 Oberlin College became the first US institution to admit women to study for degrees. www.localhistories.org/womensedtime.html 

Saturday, 14 October 2017

Battle of Hastings

On 14 October 1066 the Normans won the battle of Hastings, changing English and so world history forever. www.localhistories.org/battle.html

Tuesday, 10 October 2017

Sunday, 8 October 2017

Thursday, 14 September 2017

Famous Women in History

Its a myth there were no great or influential women before the 19th century. I made a video about 50 of them. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=grmTVzb5PCc

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

Quebec

On 13 September 1759 General Wolfe won a decisive victory at Quebec ensuring Canada became British http://www.localhistories.org/canada.html

Wednesday, 30 August 2017

Monday, 28 August 2017

Mary Anning

I wrote about Mary Anning the famous palaeontologist. She is an example of a great early woman scientist. www.localhistories.org/anning.html

Saturday, 26 August 2017

The Right to Vote

On 26 August 1920 the 19th amendment was ratified giving all women in the USA the vote (although some states allowed them to vote before then) http://www.localhistories.org/womenvotetime.html 

Sunday, 6 August 2017

Friday, 28 July 2017

A History of Washing

Joel Houghton invented the first dishwasher in 1850. However it was not a success. Josephine Cochrane invented the first successful dishwasher in 1886. www.localhistories.org/washing.html 

Friday, 21 July 2017

The Moon

On 21 July 1969 Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the Moon. Well done Neill. www.localhistories.org/space.html

Sunday, 16 July 2017

Ancient India

In Ancient India surgeons were highly skilled. They were pioneers of plastic surgery. They performed an operation to reconstruct the nose (rhinoplasty). There were also hospitals in India and Sri Lanka before 200 BC. The Indians also produced brilliant mathematicians. Our numerals, 1,2,3 etc are derived from Indian numerals.

Friday, 14 July 2017

Coffee

According to legend coffee was discovered by an Ethiopian goat herd called Kaldi. He noticed that goats who ate certain beans became very lively. http://www.localhistories.org/coffee.html

Thursday, 13 July 2017

Women in Ancient Egypt

I found an interesting article about women in Ancient Egypt. They had a great deal of freedom and virtually the same rights as men. http://www.ancient.eu/article/623/ 

Wednesday, 12 July 2017

Petersfield

In the 18th century if you died poor the local authorities had to pay for your funeral. In the village of Buriton in Hampshire an old woman was sick. Realising she was dying the authorities put her on a cart and took her to the town of Petersfield. They dumped her in the street. (Legally if she died in Petersfield they would have to pay for her burial). Thank you so much. (Petersfield refused to pay and they took the case to court. They won). www.localhistories.org/petersfield.html 

Wednesday, 5 July 2017

Strike in San Francisco

In May 1934 longshoremen in San Francisco went on strike. On 5 July 1934 ‘Bloody Thursday’ fighting began between police and strikers. Two of the strikers, Nick Bordaise and Howard Sperry were killed. www.localhistories.org/sanfrancisco.html

Monday, 3 July 2017

Saturday, 1 July 2017

The typewriter

On 1 July 1874 the first successful typewriter went on sale. it created new opportunities for women www.localhistories.org/womensjobs.html 

Thursday, 29 June 2017

Isabel Peron

On 29 June 1974 Isabel Peron became the first woman president of Argentina and the first woman president of any nation www.localhistories.org/womenrulers.html 

Sunday, 25 June 2017

George Orwell

My favourite author George Orwell was born on 25 June 1903. I don't normally like fiction but I love his novel 1984. www.localhistories.org/orwell.html 

Friday, 23 June 2017

Crime in World War II

Between 1939 and 1945 crime in Britain rose by more than 50%. The blackout (restrictions on showing lights) made crime easier. The sound of bombing disguised the sound of 
blowing safes or smashing windows to break into buildings. There were also, of course plenty or rich pickings from bombed houses. And you could steal things like rings from the  bodies of people killed by German bombing. www.localhistories.org/secondlife.html

Wednesday, 21 June 2017

St Pauls Cathedral

On 21 June the foundation stone of St Pauls Cathedral was laid. Wage accounts show that some of the carpenters who worked on it were women. (They were given the title 'widow'). It was common for women married to craftsmen to learn his trade and carry it on if he died. www.localhistories.org/london.html

Saturday, 17 June 2017

Thursday, 15 June 2017

Wednesday, 14 June 2017

Women's work in the Middle Ages

I found an interesting video about women's work in the Middle Ages. Its a myth that women did not work in the past. They did all sorts of jobs. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vLxv8gcvH78

Monday, 12 June 2017

Women's Olympic Games

I knew Ancient Greek women were not allowed to participate in the Olympic Games but they had their own games, dedicated to the goddess Hera. 

Saturday, 10 June 2017

Equal Pay Act

On 10 June 1963 President Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act making it illegal to pay men and women different amounts for doing the same work. www.localhistories.org/womensrightstimeus.html 

Thursday, 8 June 2017

Women's working hours

On 8 June 1847 the British parliament voted to ban women and children from working more than 10 hours in textile factories, to protect them from exploitation. In 1867 the law was extended to all factories. In 1878 a law forbade women in factories from working more than 56 hours a week. www.localhistories.org/womensjobs.html

George Orwell

On 8 June 1949 one of the world's greatest books was published. 1984 by George Orwell. www.localhistories.org/orwell.html

Wednesday, 31 May 2017

Viking Women

This is a very interesting article about Viking Women. This is a quote from it: 'On the other hand, women were respected in Norse society and had great freedom, especially when compared to other European societies of that era. They managed the finances of the family. They ran the farm in their husband's absence. In widowhood, they could be rich and important landowners. The law protected women from a wide range of unwanted attention'. http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/women.htm 

Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Joan of Arc

On 30 May 1431 Joan of Arc was burned. Joan was mentally ill. She heard voices. But for a time the French king found her useful. If she claimed God sent her and the French soldiers believed her that suited her fine. But she was eventually captured. For a time she was held prisoner by the Duke of Luxembourg (an ally of the English). He offered to hand her over to the French in return for a ransom. They said 'thanks, but no thanks'. She had outlived her usefulness. So they sold her to the English instead http://www.localhistories.org/joan.html

Monday, 29 May 2017

Bank Holidays

Happy birthday bank holidays. Monday 29 May 1871 was the first ever bank holiday in Britain. www.localhistories.org/holidays.html 

Friday, 19 May 2017

Emily Davison

On 4 June 1913 a suffragette named Emily Davison ran onto a race course. She was hit by a horse and died on 8 June. Germaine Greerwrote this article: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-politics/10089541/Emily-Davison-was-she-really-a-suffragette-martyr.html 

Monday, 15 May 2017

Machine Gun

On 15 May 1718 James Puckle patented the first machine gun. However it was not a successful invention. In the 19th century many people experimented with machine guns. In 1862 Richard Gatling invented the Gatling gun. However the first really successful machine gun was the maxim gun, invented by Hiram Maxim in 1884. It was adopted by the British army in 1889. www.localhistories.org/weaponshist.html 

Friday, 5 May 2017

First American in Space

On 5 May 1961 Alan B Shepard became the first American in space www.localhistories.org/space.html  He made a 15 minute sub orbital flight reaching a height of 116 miles and lasting 15 minutes.

Tuesday, 2 May 2017

Catherine the Great

Happy birthday Catherine the Great (2 May 1729)

Peter III became Tsar in 1762 but he reigned for only a few months. Supporters of his wife Catherine assassinated him in 1762. She became known as Catherine the Great. www.localhistories.org/catherine.html 

Thursday, 27 April 2017

Sunday, 23 April 2017

Friday, 21 April 2017

San Jacinto

On 21 April 1836 the Texans defeated the Mexicans at the battle of San Jacinto. Afterwards Texas became an independent republic. www.localhistories.org/texas.html 

Monday, 27 March 2017

Alaska Earthquake 1964

On 27 March 1964 Alaska was struck by an earthquake It measured 9.2 on the Richter Scale and killed 131 people. www.localhistories.org/alaska.html 

Monday, 13 March 2017

Potato Crisps

The first recipe for potato crisps (aka potato chips) was in a book by Dr William Kitchiner in 1817. Its not certain if he invented them or they existed before but thank you anyway Dr Kitchiner. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/10965628/Crisps-buoyed-Britain-in-its-darkest-hour.html 

Joseph Priestley

Joseph Priestley the great scientist who discovered oxygen was born on 13 March 1733 www.localhistories.org/priestley.html 

Saturday, 4 March 2017

Thursday, 2 March 2017

Texas

The Texan declaration of independence was signed on 2 March 1836. Sam Houston the first president of Texas was born on 2 March 1793. www.localhistories.org/texas.html

Monday, 20 February 2017

Sunday, 19 February 2017

Saturday, 18 February 2017

Queen Mary

Queen Mary was born on 18 February 1516. She became the first woman to rule all of England in 1553. www.localhistories.org/mary.html  

Friday, 17 February 2017

Toilets

On 17 February 1883 the vacant/engaged sign for toilet doors was patented by Mr Ashwell www.localhistories.org/toilets.html  

Wednesday, 15 February 2017

Galileo

Happy birthday Galileo (15 February 1564) one of the greatest scientists www.localhistories.org/galileo.html 

Friday, 10 February 2017

Queen Victoria marries

On 10 February 1840 Queen Victoria married her German cousin Albert. The Queen wore white. Wearing a white wedding dress was not about purity. Wearing white clothes was a status symbol/ Cleaning white clothes was very difficult so if you wore white it meant you had a lot of servants to clean them. However in the 19th century wearing a white wedding dress became much more common.

Wednesday, 8 February 2017

Catherine I

On 8 February 1725 Catherine I became the first woman to rule Russia. Although she is far more famous Catherine the Great was Catherine II! www.localhistories.org/russiatime.html 

Sunday, 5 February 2017

Robert Peel

Happy birthday Robert Peel (5 February 1788) the man who formed the first real police force in Britain in 1829. They were called bobbies of peelers after him. www.localhistories.org/police.html   

Friday, 3 February 2017

Africa

On 3 February 1488 Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias landed in what is now South Africa having sailed past the southern tip of Africa.http://www.localhistories.org/africanhistory.html 

Thursday, 2 February 2017

Public lavatories

Though the Romans had public lavatories and they existed in London in the Middle Ages the first modern one for men opened on 2 February 1852 www.localhistories.org/toilets.html

Sunday, 29 January 2017

Tuesday, 24 January 2017

California Gold Rush

On 24 January 1848 James Marshall struck gold at Sutters Mill in California beginning the California gold rush. www.localhistories.org/california.html

Saturday, 7 January 2017

Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon, 1st wife of Henry VIII died was born on 16 December 1485. She was a highly educated woman. In 1513 Henry was at war with France. He made his wife Catherine regent and captain-general of the armed forces in England in his absence http://www.localhistories.org/aragon.html   

Wednesday, 4 January 2017