Thursday, 31 December 2015

Happy New Year

Happy New Year everyone. Here is my history of New Year   

Sunday, 27 December 2015

Johannes Kepler

Happy birthday Johannes Kepler (1571) one of the great astronomers of the 17th century. 

Tuesday, 22 December 2015

Merry Christmas

Merry Christmas everybody. The phrase Merry Christmas was first recorded in a letter in 1534.  

Monday, 21 December 2015


Happy birthday crosswords. The first one was published in a newspaper on 21 December 1913. It was by Arthur Wynne. Well done Arthur.

Thursday, 17 December 2015

Humphry Davy

Happy birthday Humphry Davy (1778) . He is famous for inventing the safety lamp for miners but he also discovered barium, calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium. He was a brilliant man.   

Friday, 11 December 2015

Thursday, 10 December 2015

Saturday, 7 November 2015

Marie Curie

Happy birthday Marya Sklodowska a Polish lady better known to most of us as Marie Curie (7 November 1867

Thursday, 5 November 2015

The Gunpowder Plot

On 5 November 1605 they foiled a plot by Catholics to murder the king and members of parliament. We celebrate with bonfires. 

Wednesday, 4 November 2015

Hungary 1956

On 4 November 1956 Soviet tanks drove into Budapest, Hungary to crush an anti-Communist revolution  

Sunday, 25 October 2015


On 25 October 1415 English longbowmen totally defeated the French at the battle of Agincourt. 'Cry God For Harry, England and St George!'

Saturday, 24 October 2015


On 24 October 1945 the Norwegian traitor Vidkun Quisling who led a puppet regime in Norway during the Second World War was hanged  

Monday, 19 October 2015


On 19 October 1781 a British army surrendered at Yorktown during the American War of Independence ensuring US independence  

Friday, 16 October 2015


On 16 October 1384 a woman named Jadwiga was crowned king of Poland. (To make it clear she ruled Poland in her own right and not just a queen by marriage).  

Sunday, 11 October 2015

Mary Rose

On 11 October 1982 Henry VIII's warship The Mary Rose was raised from the sea bed near Portsmouth. (It sank in 1545). 

Saturday, 3 October 2015

Sunday, 13 September 2015


On 13 September 1759 General Wolfe defeated the French at Quebec ensuring Canada became British.

Saturday, 12 September 2015

First Policewoman

On 12 September 1910 Mrs Alice Stebbin Wells became the first policewoman with full powers of arrest.  

Sunday, 6 September 2015

Telephone Exchange

On 6 September 1879 the first telephone exchange in Britain opened in Britain in London 3 years after the telephone was invented. 

Friday, 4 September 2015

Thursday, 3 September 2015

The battle of Worcester

On 3 September 1651 the army of Charles II was totally defeated at the battle of Worcester. Charles himself managed to escape. 

Saturday, 29 August 2015

The Royal George

29 August 1782 was a sad day for Portsmouth. The warship Royal George sank while anchored off the town. About 900 people died including wives and children of the sailors.  

Wednesday, 26 August 2015

19th amendment

On 26 August 1920 the 19th amendment came into effect. It gave all US women the vote. (Many states already allowed them to vote).

Tuesday, 25 August 2015

First Woman Jockey

On 25 August 1804 Alice Meynell rode a horse in a race at York, England. She became the first recorded woman jockey

Monday, 24 August 2015

St Bartholomews Day Massacre

On 24 August 1572 Catholics in France murdered thousands of Protestants in the St Bartholomews Day Massacre 

Saturday, 22 August 2015

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 August 1485 Henry Tudor won the battle of Bosworth and began a new dynasty in England 

Friday, 21 August 2015

Sunday, 16 August 2015


On 16 August 1819 the Peterloo Massacre happened. Cavalry charged unarmed people holding a meeting on St Peter's Fields at Manchester. Eleven people are killed and 400 wounded. 

Wednesday, 12 August 2015

Wednesday, 5 August 2015

First Traffic Light

The first traffic light was in London in 1868. Lit by gas it exploded and killed a policeman. 

Saturday, 1 August 2015

Friday, 31 July 2015

Wednesday, 29 July 2015

The Battle of Towton

On 29 July 1461 the battle of Towton was fought during a civil war known as The Wars of the Roses. It is believed to have been the bloodiest battle ever fought in England though we are not sure exactly how many died. 

Tuesday, 21 July 2015

Friday, 17 July 2015

Thursday, 16 July 2015

Tuesday, 14 July 2015

Friday, 10 July 2015

American Revolution

The Americans were defeated at Brandywine in September 1777 but they won a decisive victory at Saratoga in October. A British force led by Burgoyne marched south from Canada but was surrounded and forced to surrender.

Saratoga convinced the French that the Americans might win the war. As a result they declared war on Britain, their traditional enemy in 1778. French naval activity in the Atlantic made it even harder for the British to supply their forces in America. Spain declared war on Britain in 1779 and the Dutch declared war in 1780. The Spanish and Dutch tied down British forces in Europe. 

Thursday, 2 July 2015

Thomas Cranmer

Happy birthday Thomas Cranmer, (2 July 1489) Archbishop of Canterbury burned to death during the reign of Catholic Queen Mary 

Saturday, 27 June 2015

Two finger gesture myth

I hear this myth so often in a museum I think I will scream if I hear it one more time: The two finger gesture was invented because the French threatened to cut 2 fingers off captured English archers. The English archers waved 2 fingers as a symbol of defiance.

Nobody really knows where the two finger gesture comes from but there is no evidence that it has anything to do with Medieval archery. Nor is there any evidence that the French ever threatened to cut the fingers off captured archers or actually did so. The gesture was first recorded in 1901. 

Sunday, 21 June 2015

Uranus and Neptune

As early as 1784 somebody calling himself Mr Vivenair wrote a story about a trip to Uranus in a balloon. However Uranus featured little in science fiction. Neptune appears in few science fiction stories (Perhaps because Neptune is so far from Earth and until recently little was known about it). However in 1930 Olaf Stapleton wrote a book called First and Last Men. At the end of the story the human race migrates to Neptune. 

Saturday, 20 June 2015


 A notorious event in the history of Chicago was the St Valentines Day Massacre of 1929. Al Capone planned to kill his enemy, a man named George 'Bugs' Moran. So at 10.30 am on 14 February, St Valentines Day, a car went to a garage on North Side. The car was the type used by detectives and it had police insignia painted on it. Inside it were two men dressed as policemen. There were also two men in civilian clothes posing as plain clothes detectives in the car. Their car stopped outside the garage and the two men posing as detectives got out. At that moment Bugs Moran and his two bodyguards approached. Seeing the two fake policemen they thought it was a police raid and they walked away. So Bugs Moran survived.
However there were seven men inside the garage and the fake policemen made them line up against a wall and face it. The two men in civilian clothes entered with machine guns and sprayed them with bullets. The fake policemen then produced shotguns and finished off any man who showed signs of life. The killers then left. 

Monday, 15 June 2015

Friday, 12 June 2015


The great Canadian city of Edmonton began as a trading post called Fort Edmonton, built in 1795. It was named after Edmonton in England, which was then a town north of London. However in the late 19th century the settlement began to spread outside the fort. Then in 1892 Edmonton was incorporated as a town and in 1904 it was incorporated as a city. Despite its small size Edmonton was chosen to be the capital of Alberta in 1905. 

Saturday, 30 May 2015

Friday, 29 May 2015


On 29 May 1453 the Turks captured Constantinople (modern Istanbul). It was the end of the Byzantine Empire (The eastern half of the old Roman Empire which split in two in the 4th century). 

Tuesday, 26 May 2015

Model T Ford

On 26 May 1927 the Model T Ford ceased production. Henry Ford began making them in 1908.

Saturday, 23 May 2015

Thursday, 14 May 2015

Edward Jenner

On 14 May 1796 Edward Jenner smallpox first tried his new vaccine for smallpox. Lets hear it for Dr Jenner!

Tuesday, 12 May 2015

Florence Nightingale

Happy birthday Florence Nightingale (12 May 1820) the lady who helped reform nursing in the 19th century. 

Thursday, 7 May 2015

Women's votes

On 7 May 1928 in Britain the minimum age for women to vote was reduced from 30 to 21. 

Tuesday, 5 May 2015

First women to receive patents

On 5 May 1809 Mary Kies became the first American woman to receive a patent. The first English woman to receive a patent was Anye Everard Ball in 1637.

Monday, 4 May 2015

Wednesday, 29 April 2015

Tuesday, 28 April 2015

A History of Immigration into the UK

I wrote a history of immigration into Britain. Since the Middle Ages immigrants have brought us benefits. 

Thursday, 23 April 2015

Sunday, 19 April 2015

Women's Right to Vote

I wrote a timeline of women's right to vote

Sunday, 12 April 2015

Fort Sumter

On 12 April 1861 the Confederates attacked Fort Sumter so beginning the American Civil War

Thursday, 9 April 2015


Ranavalona was a woman who ruled Madagascar in the 19th century. Its strange, I had not heard of her till today.

Tuesday, 7 April 2015

Dick Turpin

On 7 April 1739 the notorious highwayman Dick Turpin was hanged. Though we call them highwaymen some of the most infamous highway robbers were women.

Sunday, 5 April 2015


By the 18th century people bought artificial eggs made of various materials to give as gifts at Easter. (Sometimes the artificial eggs contained gifts). Chocolate Easter eggs were first made in the 19th century. 

Birkenhead Park

On 5 April 1847 Birkenhead Park opened. It was the first publicly funded park in Britain. 

Monday, 16 March 2015

Friday, 13 March 2015


On 13 March 1877 earmuffs were patented by Chester Greenwood. 

Wednesday, 11 March 2015

Daily Newspaper

On 11 March 1702 Britain's first daily newspaper The Daily Courant was published in London. 

Monday, 2 March 2015

Famous Women in History

I made a list of some of the many famous women in history. There have been great women all the way through history and its not possible to mention them all! 

Wednesday, 4 February 2015

Saxon London

By the 640's there was a mint in London making silver coins. In the 670's a Royal document called London 'the place where the ships land'. Early in the 8th century a writer called London 'a trading center for many nations who visit by land and sea'.

Saxon London consisted of many wooden huts with thatched roofs. Slag from metal forges have been found proving there were many blacksmiths at work in the town. Archaeologists have also found large numbers of loom weights (used in weaving wool) Saxon craftsmen also worked with animal bones making things like combs. The main export from Saxon London was wool, either raw of woven. Imports included wine and luxury foods like grapes and figs. Pottery and millstones were also imported. Slaves were also bought and sold in London. 

Saturday, 31 January 2015

Wife beating laws

Tennessee was the first US state to explicitly outlaw wife beating in 1850. Maryland was the last state in 1882. 

Wednesday, 14 January 2015

Legal Separation

In Britain a law was passed in 1878 that a woman could obtain a separation order from a magistrate if her husband was violent.

Monday, 12 January 2015


I wrote a short biography of the great Medieval English poet Geoffrey Chaucer, author of The Canterbury Tales. 

Saturday, 10 January 2015


The first National Lottery in England was held in 1569. Elizabeth I drew it.

Sunday, 4 January 2015