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Tuesday, 30 August 2016

Famous Unsolved Murders

This is my new ebook about Famous Unsolved Murders https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B01L7Q54TW 

Sunday, 28 August 2016

Friday, 26 August 2016

Women in the Middle Ages

I wrote about women in the Middle Ages. There were many strong and capable women in the Middle Ages. In that era women had to work hard just to survive. www.localhistories.org/middlgeageswomen

Wednesday, 24 August 2016

Tuesday, 23 August 2016

A Brief History of Women

I have published my first ebook. Its called A Brief History of Women by Tim Lambert https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B01KUAGR06

Saturday, 20 August 2016

Leon Trotsky

On 20 August 1940 Leon Trotsky got an ice pick that made his ears burn. He died the next day. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pg2np37JNEg

Monday, 15 August 2016

Friday, 12 August 2016

Monday, 8 August 2016

Tycho Brahe

On 8 August 1576 work began on building an observatory for Tycho Brahe the great Danish astronomer www.localhistories.org/brahe

Saturday, 6 August 2016

Wednesday, 27 July 2016

Insulin

On 27 July 1921 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolated insulin at the University of Toronto

Tuesday, 19 July 2016

Mary Rose

On 19 July 1545 Henry VIII's warship the Mary Rose sank near Portsmouth. But it was raised from the sea bed in 1982. It is now a popular museum. www.localhistories.org/maryrose 

Monday, 18 July 2016

Women Scientists

This is my youtube about some early women scientists https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5SU0QIHFrzs

Jane Austen

On 18 July 1817 the great English woman writer Jane Austen died. she was only 41 www.localhistories.org/austen

Sunday, 3 July 2016

Quebec

Happy birthday Quebec. Samuel de Champlain founded the city on 3 July 1608.

Wednesday, 22 June 2016

Coffee

According to legend coffee was discovered by an Ethiopian goat herd called Kaldi. He noticed that goats who ate certain beans became very lively. Coffee was drunk in Yemen by the 15th century. By the 16th century coffee had spread to Persia (Iran) and Turkey. There were many coffee houses where people could drink and also socialize.

Coffee reached Europe in the late 16th century through trade. Coffee was introduced into Italy first. (Today coffee is still a very popular drink among the Italians). Coffee really became popular in Europe in the 17th century. In the 1600s coffee houses opened across Europe. The first coffee house in England opened in Oxford in 1651 and by the late 17th century there were many coffeehouses in English towns where merchants and professional men met to drink cups of coffee, read newspapers and chat. www.localhistories.org/coffee

Monday, 20 June 2016

Catherine Macaulay

Catherine Macaulay was a famous woman historian of the 18th century. Catherine was born into a wealthy family in Kent, England on 2 April 1731. She was privately educated. On 18 June 1760 she married Dr George Macaulay. Catherine wrote a great work called The History of England. It was in 8 volumes. The first volume was published in 1763 and the last in 1768. Catherine also wrote a book called Letters on Education in 1790. She argued for co-education of boys and girls. She also opposed slavery and capital punishment. Catherine died on 22 June 1791.

Wednesday, 15 June 2016

Magna Carta

On 15 June 1215 King John sealed Magna Carta. But we can never take our freedoms for granted. We must always be vigilant.

Saturday, 11 June 2016

Friday, 10 June 2016

Salem

On 10 June 1692 the first person convicted of witchcraft was hanged at Salem, Massachusetts. It all began when young girls began accusing people of 'bewitching' them. Both men and women were hanged for witchcraft and a man named Giles Corey was pressed to death.  www.localhistories.org/salem

Saturday, 4 June 2016

Emily Davison

On 4 June 1913 British suffragette Emily Davison was killed when she ran onto a racetrack to grab the bridle of the king's horse. Its a myth that she deliberately threw herself under the horse. And her behavior was condemned by many as irresponsible. Queen Mary, wife of King George V wrote to the jockey saying she hoped he was not too badly injured by the 'abominable conduct of a brutal lunatic woman'. http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/may/26/emily-davison-suffragette-death-derby-1913

Monday, 30 May 2016

Saturday, 28 May 2016

Guillotine

Happy birthday Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, born 28 May 1738. He proposed that there should be a swift and humane method of executing people in France. The French Assembly agreed to his idea in 1791 and the first decapitating device was built. The first person to be executed by the new machine was Nicolas Jacques Pelletier in 1792. The guillotine was last used in France in 1977.

Monday, 23 May 2016

18th Century Women

There were a number of great women, writers and scientists in the 18th century. Maria Kirch (1670-1720) was a great astronomer. Laura Bassi (1711-1778) became professor of anatomy at Bologna University in 1732. Maria Agnesi (1718-1799) was a famous mathematician and Emilie du Chatelet was a woman physicist and mathematician. Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) was a famous astronomer. Catharine Macaulay was a famous historian. In 1792 Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) published a book called A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. In 1784 Elisabeth Thible became the first woman to travel in an untethered balloon

Thursday, 19 May 2016

Saskatoon

Saskatoon was founded in 1883 by a group of temperance Methodists from Toronto led by John Neilson Lake. It was probably named after a local berry. However at first Saskatoon was a tiny settlement. The railway reached Saskatoon in 1890 but it remained very small with a population only a little over 100. However in the early 20th century Saskatoon boomed. By 1911 its population had soared to 12,000 and by 1931 it was 43,000. www.localhistories.org/saskatoon

Wednesday, 18 May 2016

Saxon Food

Saxon women brewed beer. Another Saxon drink was mead, made from fermented honey. (Honey was very important to the Saxons as there was no sugar for sweetening food. Bees were kept in every village). Upper class Saxons sometimes drank wine. The women cooked in iron cauldrons over open fires or in pottery vessels. They also made butter and cheese. Saxons ate from wooden bowls. There were no forks only knives and wooden spoons. Cups were made from cow horn.

Saxons were fond of meat and fish. However meat was a luxury and only the rich could eat it frequently. The ordinary people usually ate plain food such as bread, cheese and eggs. They ate not just chickens eggs but eggs from ducks, geese and wild birds. www.localhistories.org/food 

Monday, 16 May 2016

Chocolate

Chocolate is made from the fruit of the cocoa tree, which is native to Central America. It grows large round fruits containing seeds or beans, which are used to make chocolate. However for centuries people drank chocolate rather than ate it. People in Central America drank chocolate as early as 1,500 BC. Much later the Mayans and the Aztecs drank chocolate. The Aztecs called it xocolatl from which are word chocolate is derived. After the Spanish conquered Central America they bought cocoa beans back to Europe. The beans were roasted and ground and used to make a drink with hot water. The Spanish added sugar to make it taste sweeter and they stirred it with a wooden stick to make it foamy. At first chocolate was drunk only in Spain but in the 17th century chocolate spread from Spain to the rest of Europe. 

Thursday, 12 May 2016

Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale was a great woman of the 19th century. She helped to reform nursing. www.localhistories.org/nightingale Florence was born on 12 May 1820. She was named after the Italian city where she was born. 

Sunday, 8 May 2016

Joan of Arc

On 8 May 1429 the French, inspired by Joan of Arc broke the English siege of Orleans. It was a turning point in the Hundred Years War which ended with England losing all territory in France except Calais. www.localhistories.org/joan 

Monday, 2 May 2016

Catherine the Great

On 2 May 1729 Catherine the Great was born. She was empress of Russia 1762-1796. She was not the first woman to rule Russia but she was a formidable leader. She put down a rebellion and she enlarged Russia's borders. 

Wednesday, 27 April 2016

Mary Seacole

Mary Seacole was a Jamaican nurse who treated sick and injured soldiers during the Crimean War. Mary Seacole was born Mary Jane Grant in Kingston Jamaica in 1805. (At that time Jamaica was part of the British Empire). Her father was a white Scottish soldier in the British army. Her mother was of mixed race. Her mother ran a boarding house for army officers and their families. Mary's mother made her own medicines and Mary learned from her.

Twice when she was a teenager Mary visited London. Then in 1836 she married Edwin Horatio Seacole. Unfortunately he soon died. Afterwards Mary ran a boarding house. In 1850 she treated people in Kingston suffering from cholera. She then went to Panama to help her brother run a hotel. She helped sick people there too. However Mary eventually returned to Jamaica.

In 1854 war began between Britain and Russia and British force was sent to Crimea. Mary sailed to England and volunteered to go to Crimea as a nurse but she was told she was not needed. However Mary Seacole was not so easily put off. She traveled to Crimea herself in 1855. To support herself Mary ran a boarding house called the British Hotel. She also sold provisions and when she was not working there Mary worked tirelessly treating sick and injured soldiers. They called her Mother Seacole. When the war ended in 1856 Mary returned to England. In 1857 she wrote a book called Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole. Mary Seacole died on 14 May 1881 at Paddington, London. She was buried in Kensal Green Roman Catholic cemetery.

In 1991 Mary Seacole was awarded the Jamaican Order of Merit.

Friday, 22 April 2016

Jack the Ripper

I wrote about Jack The Ripper. He is probably the world's most famous serial killer but his identity remains a mystery and it probably always will. www.crimehistories.org 

Thursday, 21 April 2016

Monday, 18 April 2016

Christine de Pisan

Christine de Pisan was a great woman writer of the Middle Ages. Her father Tommaso was a famous academic and she was born in Italy about 1363. When she was an infant Christine and her family moved to France, where her father was employed by the French king. In 1379 Christine married Etienne de Castel. Christine had 3 children, 1 girl and 2 boys. However her husband died young in 1390.


Christine was devastated and she took to writing poetry to express her grief. Soon she gained a reputation as a gifted poet. Christine became a professional writer. She wrote on many subjects, often defending women Among her famous books are Letters to the God of Love (1399) and The Book of the City of Ladies (1405), which championed women and their place in society. Her last work was The Poem of Joan of Arc written in 1429. Christine de Pisan died around 1430.

Saturday, 16 April 2016

Friday, 15 April 2016

Titanic

In the early hours of the morning on 15 April 1912 the Titanic sank with great loss of life www.localhistories.org/titanic

Wednesday, 13 April 2016

Margery Kempe

Margery Kempe was an English mystic of the Middle Ages. She is famous for her autobiography. Margery was born in Kings Lynn in 1373. Her father was a wealthy merchant. At that time Kings Lynn was a large and important town and port.

When she grew up Margery married a merchant named John Kempe. Soon she fell pregnant. In those days pregnancy was hazardous and many women died in childbirth. Margery had a difficult pregnancy and labor. Afraid that she was dying she sent for a priest to confess her sins to. However the priest spoke to her very harshly and this seems to have triggered a period of mental illness. Eventually Margery Kempe had a vision of Jesus. He said 'Daughter why have you forsaken me, for I have never forsaken you'. Afterwards she returned to normal.

Margery decided to start her own brewing business. (It was by no means unusual in the Middle Ages for women to run their own businesses). However the brewing was not a success. Margery then ran a horse mill to grind people's corn to grain. However the horse mill was also a failure. Margery Kempe believed that God was punishing her for her covetousness and pride and she determined to turn over a new leaf. She had a series of visions and she insisted on having a sexless marriage. (Previously in 20 years of marriage Margery had 14 children. Unfortunately in those days infant mortality was very high so its unlikely many of them survived).

Margery Kempe then traveled around England to visit various churchmen like bishops. Her husband accompanied her. She also visited the female mystic Julian of Norwich. In 1413 Margery Kempe went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. (In those days people went on long trips to religious shrines). In 1417 Margery went on a pilgrimage to Spain. When she returned Margery went to Leicester.

While in Leicester Margery Kempe was arrested and accused to being a Lollard. (Lollards were a religious movement founded the famous Christian John Wycliffe. Lollards were persecuted by the Catholic Church). However Margery was soon released.


In 1431 her husband John Kempe died. Then in 1433 Margery, now an old woman visited Danzig. Margery Kempe could not read and write but she dictated a book about her life. It was called The Book of Margery Kempe. It is not known when Margery Kempe died but it is believed it was in 1438 or sometime afterward.

Saturday, 9 April 2016

Isambard Kingdom Brunel

Isambard Kingdom Brunel the great 19th century engineer was born on 9 April 1809 in Portsmouth www.localhistories.org/brunel



A memorial to the great man in Portsmouth